- Chapter 1 – Staring into the Darwinian Abyss
- Chapter 2 – A Brain at War with Itself
- Chapter 3 – The Robot’s Secret Weapon
- Chapter 4 – The biases of the Autonomous Brain
- Chapter 5 – How Evolutionary Psychology Goes Wrong
- Chapter 6 – Dysrationalia: Why So Many Smart People Do So Many Dumb Things
- Chapter 7 – From the Clutches of the Genes into the Clutches of the Memes
- Chapter 8 – A Soul without Mystery: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin
- Stanovitch expands on several themes of this book, particularly chapters 2 and 6, in a later publication: Rationality and the Reflective Mind.
- The main thrust of this book is captured in this survey article.